Demystifying Test Strategy in Software Testing

Welcome to the Testing Academy! Today, we’re delving into one of the most crucial topics in software testing: the Test Strategy. Whether you’re preparing for a manual or automation testing interview, understanding the essence of a test strategy is paramount. So, let’s dive in.

What Exactly is a Test Strategy?

At its core, a test strategy is a high-level plan that outlines how testing objectives will be achieved. It’s the roadmap that guides what, how, who, and when testing will occur. But let’s simplify it further.

Imagine you’re building an e-commerce website like Amazon. Your test strategy would outline what features and functionalities you’ll test, how you’ll test them, who will perform the testing, and when it will happen.

Key Elements of a Test Strategy

  1. Scope: Define what features will be tested and what’s out of scope.
  2. Approach: Outline the testing methodologies, including unit, integration, system, and UAT.
  3. Resource Allocation: Specify the roles and responsibilities of team members.
  4. Scheduling: Detail the project timeline and milestones.
  5. Risk Management: Identify potential risks and mitigation strategies.
  6. Exit Criteria: Define when testing will be considered complete.
  7. Matrices: Establish measurement criteria for testing effectiveness.
  8. Test Environment: Describe the setup needed for testing, including tools and infrastructure.
  9. Regression Approach: Determine how regression testing will be conducted.

How is it Different from a Test Plan?

While a test strategy provides a high-level overview, a test plan dives deeper into the specifics, combining the strategy with the overall project plan. It’s important to note that a test strategy is a subset of the test plan.

Examples of Test Strategy Templates

  1. Comprehensive Template: Used in CMM5 level companies, this detailed template covers approval processes, testing types, tools, environments, release strategies, and more.
  2. Simplified Version: Often employed in startups, this lighter version focuses on customer flows, testing approaches, automation methods, scheduling, and deliverables.


Understanding the test strategy is pivotal for any testing endeavor. Whether you opt for a comprehensive or simplified approach depends on the project’s complexity and organizational needs. Remember, a well-defined test strategy lays the groundwork for successful testing execution.

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